Nordic co-operation in the field of intellectual property rights has been considerable over a long period.
Representatives from the patent authorities of all the Nordic countries hold regular consultation meetings for each field (patents, trademarks and design fields) where the implementation, policy formulation and development of intellectual property rights is reviewed. The Directors of the Nordic bodies, moreover, meet regularly and review the status and developments in the field of intellectual property rights.
Legislation in the field of intellectual property rights is for the most part identical in all the Nordic countries. In this respect, mention may be made of the fact that trademark legislation in Iceland is the result of the work of a joint Nordic committee that operated during the middle of the last century on the preparation of trademark legislation in the Nordic countries.
In recent years, the Baltic countries, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, have joined the Nordic co-operation.