World Intellectual Property Organization
The World Intellectual Property Organization – WIPO is one of the United Nation's agencies. The role of the organisation is to strengthen the protection of intellectual property and international co-operation in this field.
WIPO has its roots on the 1883 Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and the 1886 Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. Its predecessor was the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI). The WIPO in its current form began operating in 1967, following the signing of a convention in Stockholm on 14 July that year. The convention subsequently entered into effect in 1970. In 1974, the WIPO became one of the United Nation's special agencies.
BIRPI administered only four international agreements. WIPO, on the other hand, administers 24 international agreements relating to intellectual property rights and intellectual property registration, equally in the field of inventions and industrial design, literature and art. The WIPO website provides access to all the agreements administered by the organisation.
Iceland is party to many of the international agreements in this field and Icelandic legislation has been adapted accordingly. For instance, Iceland became party to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property in 1962, the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks in 1997, the PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) in 1995 and the Geneva Act of the Hague Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs in 2003. Moreover, Iceland, as member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has adapted Icelandic legislation to the provisions of TRIPS (Trade related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights).
On 13 June 1986, Iceland became party to the Stockholm Convention, and thereby party to WIPO, as provided for by an advertisement in the C-division of Stjórnartídindi (Government Gazette). WIPO member states currently number 184 and the organisation employs 938 employees from 95 nations. The organisation is domiciled in Geneva in Switzerland.